Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Fair Value Measurements

Fair Value Measurements
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2023
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
Fair Value Measurements Fair Value Measurements
The Company's financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The carrying value of accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximate their fair value because of their short-term nature. Estimated fair value of available-for-sale debt securities are generally based on prices obtained from commercial pricing services.
In connection with measuring the fair value of its assets and liabilities, the Company seeks to maximize the use of observable inputs (market data obtained from sources independent from the Company) and to minimize the use of unobservable inputs (the Company’s assumptions about how market participants would price assets and liabilities). As a basis for considering such assumptions, a three-tier fair value hierarchy has been established, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:
Level 1 - Observable inputs such as quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 - Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. These include quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets and quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that reflect the reporting entity’s own assumptions.
The following table summarizes the financial assets (cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments) measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
March 31, 2023
(in thousands) Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
Financial assets:
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash $ 89,001  $   $   $ 89,001 
Corporate bond   62,053    62,053 
Commercial paper   176,283    176,283 
Treasury bill   7,103    7,103 
Treasury bond   26,527    26,527 
Yankee bond   567    567 
Total financial assets $ 89,001  $ 272,533  $   $ 361,534 
December 31, 2022
(in thousands) Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total
Financial assets:
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash $ 94,172  $ —  $ —  $ 94,172 
U.S. agency security —  4,948  —  4,948 
Corporate bond —  104,080  —  104,080 
Commercial paper —  125,187  —  125,187 
Treasury bill —  12,282  —  12,282 
Treasury bond —  42,220  —  42,220 
Yankee bond —  6,501  —  6,501 
Total financial assets $ 94,172  $ 295,218  $ —  $ 389,390 
The Company's Level 1 instruments include cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash that are valued using quoted market prices. Aurinia estimates the fair values of our investments in corporate debt securities, government and government related securities and certificates of deposits by taking into consideration valuations obtained from third-party pricing services. The fair value of our short-term investments classified within Level 2 is based upon observable inputs that may include benchmark yield curves, reported trades, issuer spreads, benchmark securities and reference data including market research publications. At March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the weighted average remaining contractual maturities of our Level 2 investments were approximately 7 months. It is the Company's intent for these investments to have an overall rating of A-1, or higher, by Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s and Fitch.
No credit loss allowance was recorded as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, as the Company does not believe the unrealized loss is a result of a credit loss due to the nature of our investments. We also considered the current and expected future economic and market conditions and determined that the estimate of credit losses was not significantly impacted.
Refer to Note 4, “Cash, Cash Equivalents, Restricted Cash and Short-Term Investments,” for the carrying amount and related unrealized gains (losses) by type of investment.