|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2022
|Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]|
|Share-based Compensation||Share-based Compensation
The Company's Amended and Restated Equity Incentive Plan (the Plan), which was adopted and approved by the Company's shareholders in June 2021, allows for an issuance of up to an aggregate of 23.8 million shares (inclusive of outstanding awards) and provides for grants of stock options, performance awards, restricted stock and restricted stock units that may be settled in cash and stock. Also in June 2021, the Company's shareholders adopted and approved the Company's 2021 ESPP, which allows for the issuance of up to 2.5 million shares. The 2021 ESPP is intended to qualify as an “employee stock purchase plan” under Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”) but also permits the Company to include the employees, including non-United States employees, in offerings not intended to qualify under Section 423. The purpose of the 2021 ESPP is to provide eligible employees with opportunities to purchase the Company’s common shares at a discounted price.
The Plan requires the exercise price of each option not to be less than the closing market price of the Company’s common shares on the day immediately prior to the date of grant. The board of directors approves the vesting criteria and periods at its discretion. The options issued under the plan are accounted for as equity-settled share-based payments.
The Company used the Black-Scholes option pricing model to estimate the fair value of the options granted. The Company considers historical volatility of its common shares in estimating its future stock price volatility. The risk-free interest rate for the expected life of the options was based on the yield available on government benchmark bonds with an approximate
equivalent remaining term at the time of the grant. The expected life is based upon the contractual term, taking into account expected employee exercise and expected post-vesting employment termination behavior.
The following weighted average assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of the options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021:
The following table summarizes the option award activity during the three months ended March 31, 2022:
Performance Awards and Restricted Stock Units
On October 23, 2020, the Company issued 439,000 performance awards (PAs) to executive management of the Company whose vesting is contingent upon meeting specific performance metrics based on the results for the year ended December 31, 2021. Each PA which vests entitles the participant to receive common shares on the basis of the performance metrics set. On March 18, 2021 performance metrics were set and formally communicated. Therefore, March 18, 2021 was the grant date and the fair value on the grant date was $13.56. As of March 31, 2022, approximately 88,000 PAs vested based on performance metrics achieved and 351,000 were canceled as of December 31, 2021 as performance metrics were not met.
On August 6, 2021, the Company granted approximately 619,000 PAs and restricted stock units (RSUs). The grant date for the PAs and RSUs was August 6, 2021 and the fair value on the grant date was $14.42 as this was the date performance measures were set and communicated to employees. The PAs vest on the employee's first anniversary of the grant date and the employee must achieve at least one of the performance metrics to obtain the portion of the award associated with the metric. The RSUs have no performance metrics and will vest on the one year anniversary of the grant. As of December 31, 2021, approximately 375,000 PAs and RSUs were canceled or forfeited.
During the quarter, the Company has granted RSUs and intends to grant RSUs throughout the year under the Plan. The RSUs are fair valued based on the market price of our common stock on the date of the grant.
The following table summarizes the PAs and RSU activity for the three months ended March 31, 2022:
The Company recorded approximately $1.9 million of share-based compensation expense related to PAs and RSUs during the three months ended March 31, 2022.
The Company recognized share-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021 as follows:
As of March 31, 2022, there was $48.3 million of unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to unvested awards granted which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 1.6 years.
The entire disclosure for share-based payment arrangement.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef